معیارهای چابکی واحدهای دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی شهر تهران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: ادامه حیات سازمان‏ها در عصر حاضر، با گذشته بسیار متفاوت است. در شرایط کنونی، سازمانی قادر به ادامه حیات و رقابت با دیگران است که بتواند خود را با تغییرات محیطی منطبق سازد و قابلیت انعطاف‏ را در شرایط غیرقابل‏پیش‏بینی و متغیر داشته باشد. این مهم زمانی تحقق می‏یابد که راهکار جدیدی ارائه شود و بی‏شک می‏توان آن را در چابکی سازمان‏ها یافت. در مقاله حاضر تلاش شده است که معیارهای چابکی واحدهای دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی شناسایی، رتبه‏بندی و به جامعه علمی معرفی شود.
روش پژوهش: پژوهش حاضر از نظر روش‏، توصیفی و از نوع پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری در این پژوهش خبرگان واحدهای دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی شهر تهران در سال 1399 می‏بود. نمونه آماری شامل 15 تن از خبرگان و ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه مقایسه زوجی است. این پژوهش با استفاده از روش تحلیل سلسله‏مراتبیAHP فازی اجرا شد. نرم‏افزار مورد استفاده نیز Expert choice بوده است.
یافته‌ها: عوامل مورد نظر عبارت بودند از: فناوری اطلاعات، شراکت و همکاری مجازی، بهبود مستمر، تشکیل سازمان دانش‏محور و نیروی کار چابک. همچنین معیارهای شناسایی شده شامل: بهبود پاسخگویی، آمادگی رویارویی با تغییرات، کاهش سطح مقررات، انتقال راحت دانش و تسریع فرایندها بودند.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج رتبه‏بندی نشان داد نیروی کار چابک با وزن (3833/0)، شراکت و همکاری مجازی با وزن (2959/0)، فناوری اطلاعات با وزن (1892/0)، تشکیل سازمان دانش‏محور با وزن (1644/0) و بهبود مستمر با وزن (1486/0) در رتبه‏های اول تا پنجم قرار گرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Agility Criteria of Islamic Azad University of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyedeh Niloufar Shamoradi 1
  • Narges Hasan Moradi 2
  • Mojtaba Moazami 3
1 PhD Student in Educational Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Higher Education Management, Faculty of Management, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The survival of organizations in the present age is very different from the past. In the current situation, an organization is able to survive and compete with others that can adapt to environmental changes and have the flexibility in unpredictable and changing conditions. This important thing is achieved when a new solution is presented and it can undoubtedly be found in the agility of organizations. The present article seeks to identify, rank and introduce the criteria of agility of Islamic Azad University units to the scientific community.
Methods: The present research is methodological, descriptive and survey. The statistical population in this study is the experts of the Islamic Azad University of Tehran in 1399. The statistical sample of the research includes 15 experts. The data collection tool in this study is a pairwise comparison questionnaire. This research was performed using fuzzy AHP hierarchical analysis method. The software used was Expert choice.
Results: The factors considered were: information technology, virtual partnership and collaboration, continuous improvement, formation of knowledge-based organization and agile workforce, as well as identified criteria including: improving accountability, readiness to face change, reducing the level of regulation, easy knowledge transfer and Accelerate processes.
Conclusion: The ranking results showed agile workforce with weight (0.3833), virtual partnership and cooperation with weight (0.2959), information technology with weight (0.1892), formation of knowledge-based organization with weight (0.1644)) And continuous improvement with weight (0.1486) were ranked first to fifth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agility
  • Agility Criteria
  • Islamic Azad University
  • Tehran
Agostinho, O. L. (2015). Proposal of organization framework model, using business processes and hierarchical patterns to provide agility and flexibility in competitiveness environments. Procedia engineering, 131, 401-409.
Bagheri Karachi, A., Abbaspour, A. (2012). Agility; An innovative approach to university management. Quarterly Journal of Innovation and Value Creation. 1 (2). 63-73. (Persian).
Bagheri Karachi, A., Abbaspour, A. (2014). Adaptation Rate of Universities with Agile Organization Indices in the Viewpoint of Faculty Members. Bimonthly of Education Strategies in Medical Sciences. 7 (4): 207-214. (Persian).
Becker, J., Kugeler, M., & Rosemann, M. (2003). Process Management: A guide for the design of business processes: with 83 figures and 34 tables. Springer Science & Business Media.
Bernstein, A., Hicks, V., Borbey, P., Campbell, T., McAuley, L., & Graham, I. (2006). A framework to measure the impact of investments in health research. In presentation to the Blue Sky II conference, What Indicators for Science, Technology and Innovation Policies in the 21st Century.
Davidsson, P. (2003). The domain of entrepreneurship research: Some suggestions. In Cognitive approaches to entrepreneurship research. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Enaiati, L., Langari, A. (2020). Replication, from supreme leader´s point of view. Journal of National Security. 9 (23). 79-116. (Persian).
Fliedner, G., & Vokurka, R. J. (1997). Agility: competitive weapon of the 1990s and beyond? Production & Inventory Management Journal, 38(3), 19.
Goldman, S. L., Nagel, R. N., & Preiss, K. (1995). Agile competitors and virtual organizations: strategies for enriching the customer (Vol. 8). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Goudarzvand Chegini, M. (2019). The fourth generation university labor; and action approach (case studies: Cambridge, Stanford, and Harvard universities). Iranian Journal of Engineering Education (IJEE). 20 (78). 1-16. (Persian).  
Khavari, S. A. (2017). Factors affecting achieve Agile Universities With an Emphasis on the Role of Educational Planning. JundiShapur Educational Development. 8 (1). 136-142. (Persian).
Khosravi pour, E., Amirnezhad, Gh. (2014). The need for organizational agility in universities, International Conference on Accounting and Management, Tehran. (Persian).
Lu, M. S. & Tseng, L. K. (2010). An integrated object-oriented approach for design and analysis of an agile manufacturing control system. International Journal Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 48, 1107–1122.
Luckman, M., & Prange, CH. (2017). Agile Universities. EFMD Global Focus, 10(1), 67- 71.
Mergel, I., Ganapati, S., & Whitford, A. B. (2020). Agile: A new way of governing. Public Administration Review, 81(1), 161-165. https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13202
Mirzadeh, N.S., Eslami. S. (2018). Investigating the effect of talent management on organizational agility and increasing employee loyalty. 3rd International Conference on Management Research and Humanities, University of Tehran. (Persian). 
Moazami, M., Mohammad Khani, K., Delavar, A., Mohammad Davodi, A. H. (2017). Identifying the education quality’s dimensions and components among SAMA Institutes of the Islamic Azad University and determining the role any dimension or component plays in this regard. New Approaches in Educational Administrations. 19 (1). 105-126. (Persian).  
Moazami, M., Shamoradi. S. N (2018). The Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Decision Making Styles among the Managers of Islamic Azad University of Tehran. Behavioral studies in management. 9 (17). 15-24.
Moody, J. (2019). What to know as a first-generation college student? USNews.com. Accessed July, 15, 2019.
Naghavi, S. A., Azar. A., Asadi, M. M. (2015). Prioritizing factors enabling organizational agility in universities and centers of higher education in Yazd. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education. 21 (1). 61-81. (Persian). 
Rafati Asl, S.A., Shamoradi. S.N. (2021). Identifying the agility metrics of logistics in police. logistics Thought Scientific Puablication. 19 (57). 1-23. (Persian).
Rajabi, A., Shamoradi, S. N., Moradi, N. (2021). Higher education governance in Iran; Meta-analysis of injuries and solutions. Journal of Applied Educational Leadership. 1 (4). 27-46. (Persian).
Shabani nezhad, E., Yazdani. A. (2011). Third Generation Universities (Entrepreneur University).National Conference on Entrepreneurship, Cooperation, Economic Jihad, Nain. (Persian).
Sharpe, R. (2012). agile university: Building the Innovation and Improvement for a Better Student Experience. Int J Prod Econ, 62(1), 155-69.
Sherehiy, B., & Karwowski, W. (2014). The relationship between work organization and workforce agility in small manufacturing enterprises. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 44(3), 466-473.
Siegel, D. S., & Wright, M. (2015). Academic entrepreneurship: time for a rethink?. British Journal of Management, 26(4), 582-595.
Statistics Center of Iran (1397). Available in: https://www.amar.org.ir. (Persian).
Taatila, V., & Down, S. (2012). Measuring entrepreneurial orientation of university students. Education+ training.