بررسی توانمندی‌‌ها و شایستگی‌‌های دانش‌آموختگان رشته علوم قرآن ‌و حدیث در سه دهه (1395-1365)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه پژوهشی مطالعات قرآنی پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه معارف اسلامی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه امام صادق (ع) تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی توانمندی‌ها و شایستگی‌های دانش‌آموختگان رشته علوم قرآن ‌و حدیث انجام گرفته است.
روش پژوهش: به این منظور به شیوة توصیفی-تحلیلی از الگوی پرسشنامه شارع‌پور و همکاران (1380) استفاده شده است. پیمایش از طریق سامانه پرس‌آنلاین، اجرا و تعداد 212 پرسشنامه تحلیل شد. ابتدا برازش مدل با نرم‌افزار 24 AMOS در دو بُعد «نگرش و سبک زندگی» و «سواد و مهارت حرفه‌ای» تأیید شد. سپس داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار 24 SPSS به شیوه توصیفی (فراوانی و درصد) و شیوة استنباطی (آزمون خی‌دو و فریدمن) تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد نمونة مورد بررسی در این پژوهش که بیش از 86 درصد آنها دانش‌آموختگان تحصیلات تکمیلی هستند، در دو مؤلفة «سواد تخصصی» و «آشنایی با نهادها و شخصیت‌های علمی» نیازمند توجه ویژه‌اند، نقش دانشگاه را در ایجاد هویت دانشگاهی، فهم فرهنگی و ایجاد مهارت‌های پایه زبان خارجی و فناوری اطلاعات مؤثر نمی‌دانند، اما تحصیلات خود را در موفقیت شغلی مفید ارزیابی می‌کنند.
نتیجه‌گیری: رشتة علوم قرآن و حدیث به جهت ایجاد توانمندی و شایستگی‌های دانش‌آموختگان در ابعاد مختلف نیازمند بازنگری است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Abilities and Competencies of Graduates of the Quranic sciences and tradition major in Three Decades 1986-2016

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Ghobadi 1
  • Maryam Baradaran Haghir 2
  • Hadi Rahnama 1
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Quranic Studies, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor , Department of Islamic Education and Educational Sciences, Imam Sadiq University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the capabilities and competencies of graduates of the Quranic sciences and tradition major.
Methods: For this purpose, the model of Sharepour et al.’s (2001) questionnaire
has been used in a descriptive-analytical manner.   The survey was conducted through an online questionnaire system and 212 questionnaires were analyzed. At first, the fitting of the model was confirmed by AMOS 24 software in two dimensions of "attitude and lifestyle" and "literacy and professional skills". Then the data were analyzed by SPSS 24 software in descriptive method (frequency and percentage) and inferential method( Chi-Square and Friedman test).
Results: The findings show that the  analyzed sample in this study, that more than 86% of it  included graduate students, in the two components of "specialized literacy" and "familiarity with institutions and scientific personalities" require a  particular attention. They do not consider the role of university to be effective in creating academic identity, cultural understanding, and developing basic foreign language and information technology skills, but they believe  education in that field is helpful in their career success.
Conclusion: The Quranic sciences and tradition major requires to be reviewed in order to create the capabilities and competencies of the graduates in different dimensions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Competence
  • graduates
  • Quranic sciences and Tradition
  • Curriculum
  • employment
Boyatzis, R. E. (1982). The competent manager: A model for effective performance. John Wiley & Sons.‏
Boyatzis, R. (2008). Competencies in the 21st century. Journal of management development, ‏27 (1),5-12.
Boyatzis, R. E., & Saatcioglu, A. (1982). A 20‐year view of trying to develop emotional, social and cognitive intelligence competencies in graduate management education. Journal of management development, 27 (1), 92-108
Durette, B., Fournier, M., & Lafon, M. (2016). The core competencies of PhDs. Studies in Higher Education41(8), 1355-1370.‏
Faraskhah, M. (2015). Designing patterns for expanding Quranic higher education. Research Project of the Quranic Research and Higher Education Development Center of the country (In Persian)
Feiz, M. & Bahadorinejad, M. (2010). Professional Competency Model of Graduates of Engineering Schools: A Case Study of Sharif University of Technology Graduates. Iranian Journal of Engineering Education, 12 (46), 37-68 (In Persian)
Hajilri, A. (1389). Evaluation of Quranic dissertations of master and doctoral students, Tehran: Secretariat of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution (In Persian)
High Planning Council (2000a). General characteristics, curriculum and course titles of the undergraduate course in Quranic and Hadith sciences. Tehran, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Department of Humanities: Proposer (In Persian)
High Planning Council (2000). General characteristics, curriculum and course titles of the master's degree course in Quranic and Hadith sciences. Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Department of Humanities: Proposer (In Persian)
Supreme Planning Council (2000). General characteristics, syllabus and title of the courses of the doctoral course in Quranic and Hadith sciences. Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Department of Humanities: Proposer (In Persian)
Hoveida, A., Taleie, A. & Soleimani, R. (2013) Evaluation of the Extent of the Agreement between the Persian Abstracts of the Journals of Qur’an and Hadith Studies, Published in 1387-1389, and ISO 214, 25(145), 16-25 (In Persian)
Khorshidi, A. & Farrokhi, D., (2012) Components of vocational competencies, Journal of Educational Planning Studies, 1(2), 131-162 (In Persian)
Khoshmanesh, A. (2015) Introduction to health shelter, review of Quranic higher education: Center for Coordination and Development of Quranic Higher Education and Research, research project of the Center for Development of Quranic Research and Higher Education (In Persian)
McClelland, D. C. (1973). Testing for competence rather than for intelligence. American psychologist28(1), 1-4.‏
Milner, R. J., Gusic, M. E., & Thorndyke, L. E. (2011). Perspective: toward a competency framework for faculty. Academic Medicine86(10), 1204-1210.‏
Mirkamali, S. M. (1372). Assessing the job competencies of university graduates. Research plan, Research and Planning in Higher Education Institute
Pourezzat, A.A, Fathi, F, Abbasi, T. & Amiri Savadroudbari, A (2017).  Developing model of competence management to achieve the 1404 vision, Scientific Quarterly Journal- Strategic Management Studies of National Defense, 1 (1), 110-139 (In Persian)
Salamatpanah, R. (2013). Pathology of scientific research articles on the subject of Quranic sciences and hadith, research project of the Center for Development of Quranic Research and Higher Education (In Persian)
Salehi Imran, I., Izadi, S., Faraji, Sh. (2015). Investigating the role of non-formal learning in developing key competencies in higher and vocational education settings. Quarterly Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning, 13 (24), 87-106 (In Persian)
Sharipour, M., Salehi, S., Fazeli, M. (1999). Focal competencies and competencies of higher education graduates (with field study in several universities in the country). Research plan of Higher Education Research and Planning Institute (In Persian)
Spencer, Lyle M., Jr. (1997). Competency Assessment Methods, in What Works: Assessment, Development, and Measurement, L.J. Bassi and D.F. Russ-Eft, eds., Alexandria, VA: American Society for Training and Development, 1–37.
Setiawan, S., Suza, D. E., & Siregar, F. L. S. (2021). Nurse Manager Competency Model in a Teaching Hospital. Jurnal Ners, 16(1).
Walther, J., & Radcliffe, D. F. (2007). The competence dilemma in engineering education: Moving beyond simple graduate attribute mapping. Australasian Journal of Engineering Education, 13(1), 41-51.
Zouelm, A., Alian Nezhadi, F., Hajikhani, A. (2020).  Content Analysis of Abstracts of Research Articles of Quran and Hadith Sciences from the Perspective of Research Methodology (Case Study of 61 Articles from Five Journals), Quranic Docrtianes, 17 (32), 287-315 (In Persian)