الزامات تدریس اثربخش در آموزش مجازی با رویکردی بر آموزش‌های دوران کووید 19: یک مطالعه پدیدارشناسی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: هدف اصلی از اجرای پژوهش حاضر، فهم تجارب زیسته دانشجویان در ارتباط با الزامات تدریس اثربخش استادان در محیط مجازی و در شرایط بحرانی شیوع کووید 19 بود.
روش پژوهش: این پژوهش کیفی با استفاده از روش پدیدارشناسی اجرا شد. روش گردآوری اطلاعات، استفاده از پرسشنامه مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختمند بود. بر این اساس، با رویکرد نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و روش معیار، دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی گروه علوم انسانی دانشگاه شیراز انتخاب شدند و در نهایت با مصاحبه عمیق نیمه ساختارمند با 25 نفر اشباع نظری حاصل شد. تحلیل مصاحبه‌ها، با استفاده از الگوی کلایزی (1978) و روش تحلیل مضمون انجام گرفت.
یافته‌ها: پس از استخراج و دسته‌بندی موضوعی، شش مضمون اصلی و 39 مضمون فرعی شناسایی شد. مضامین اصلی شامل زیرساخت‌ها، مدیریت کلاس درس، توجه به بعد روان‌شناختی دانشجویان، کیفیت، وسایل کمک‌آموزشی، ارزشیابی طبقه‌بندی شدند.
نتیجه‌گیری: توجه به مؤلفه­های فوق و مجموعه مضامین فرعی مطرح ‌شده در مقاله، زمینه‌ساز ارتقای کیفیت، اثربخشی و در نتیجه کارآمدی آموزش در سطح گسترده‌ای خواهد شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Requirements for Effective Teaching in Virtual Education with an Approach to Covid Education 19: A Phenomenological Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Keshavarzi 1
  • Reza Naseri Jahromi 2
  • Parastoo Nabeei 3
1 Assistant of Management and Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2 Ph.D. in Curriculum Planning, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: The main purpose of this study was to understand the lived experiences of students in relation to the requirements of effective teaching of teachers in a virtual environment and in critical situations of the prevalence of Covid 19.
Methods: This qualitative research was performed using phenomenological method. The method of data collection was using a semi-structured interview questionnaire. Accordingly, with the purposive sampling approach and standard method, graduate students of the Department of Humanities, Shiraz University, were selected, and finally obtained by in-depth semi-structured interview with 25 people with theoretical saturation.The interviews were analyzed using the Colaizzi (1978) model and the content analysis method.
Results: After extraction and thematic classification, six main themes and 39 sub-themes were identified.The main topics included infrastructure, classroom management, attention to students' psychological dimension, quality, teaching aids, evaluation.
Conclusion: Paying attention to the above components and the set of sub-themes discussed in the article pave the way for quality improvement, effectiveness, and, consequently, efficiency of education on a large scale.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Effective teaching
  • Higher Education
  • virtual education
  • learning
  • COVID 19
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