پیوند آموزش و پژوهش در دانشگاه: مرور نظام‌مند

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی و توسعه منابع انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

یکی از چالش‌های اساسی حوزه آموزش عالی، «چگونگی پیوند آموزش و پژوهش» است. هدف اصلی در این نوشتار، مرور پیشینه پژوهشی درباره پیوند آموزش و پژوهش به‌عنوان کارکردهای اصلی دانشگاه است. برای دستیابی به این هدف از روش مرور نظام مند بهره گرفته شد. پس از جستجو، غربالگری و ارزیابی مطالعات انجام گرفته، ۳۹ مطالعه به‌عنوان نمونه پژوهش بررسی شد. بدین ترتیب، شواهد پژوهشی مرتبط در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی معتبر (امرالد، سیج، اسپرینگر، ساینس دایرکت، مگیران، اس ای دی و نورمگز) در بازه زمانی 2018-2013 شناسایی و استخراج شدند. ضمن تحلیل محتوای آنها، نتایج پژوهش در پاسخ به این پرسش اساسی که چه عواملی بر پیوند آموزش و پژوهش مؤثرند، ترکیب شدند. تحلیل نتایج به دست آمده، نشان‌دهنده آن بود که پیوند آموزش و پژوهش در دانشگاه از فعالیت‌های جاری در کلاس، فرایندهای جاری در ساختار نظام آموزش عالی، زیرساخت‌های موجود در نظام آموزش عالی و تعامل دانشگاه با محیط متأثر است. از این‌رو، چنین به نظر می رسد که برقراری این پیوند در دانشگاه به سه عامل اساسی از جمله برنامه درسی، اعضای هیئت علمی و دانشجویان معطوف است که توجه به آن از سوی سیاست‌گذاران آموزشی، ضرورت می‌یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relation between Teaching and Research in Academia: A Systematic Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afsaneh Sargazi 1
  • Rezvan Hosseingholizadeh 2
چکیده [English]

One of the key challenges in higher education is how to link teaching to research. The main purpose of this study is to review the literature on the relation between teaching and research as the main functions of academia. To this end, systematic review was employed. After searching, screening and evaluating the papers published, 39 studies were selected as the sample of the study. The relevant studies in valid databases (Emerald, Sage, Springer, Science Direct, Magiran, SID and Noormags) in 2013-2018 timespan were thus identified and extracted. After analyzing their content, the research results were combined to answer the fundamental question of what factors would influence the link between teaching and research. According to the results obtained, the link between teaching and research in university is informed by current classroom activities, current processes in the structure of higher education system, existing infrastructure in higher education system, and university interaction with the environment. Therefore, it seems that establishing this link in the university focuses on three essential factors including curriculum, faculties and students that need to be addressed by educational policy makers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • teaching
  • learning
  • Research
  • University
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