عقلانیت و عملکرد دولت در تأمین مالی آموزش عالی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی مؤسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی آموزش عالی

2 عضو هیأت علمی مؤسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی اموزش عالی

چکیده

تقریباً در تمام کشورهای دنیا، از جمله ایران، دولت‏ها به آموزش عالی یارانه پرداخت می‌کنند؛ چرا؟ هدف مقالة حاضر، پاسخ به این سؤال و بررسی عملکرد دولت در تأمین مالی آموزش عالی ایران است. نتایج مطالعة اکتشافی نشان می‌دهد که دولت‌ها آموزش عالی را به دلایل مختلف، از جمله نارسایی سازوکار بازار در تأمین مالی آموزش عالی، شایسته بودن خدمات آموزش عالی، نقص بازار سرمایه آموزش، توزیع برابر فرصت‌ها و باز توزیع درآمد و ثروت، تأمین مالی می‌کنند. نتایج بررسی عملکرد دولت در تأمین مالی آموزش عالی ایران نشان می‌دهد که دولت، نه تنها با روش مناسب آموزش عالی را تأمین مالی نمی‏کند، بلکه در دهة گذشته، به‌طور قابل توجهی کمک مالی واقعی خود به آموزش عالی را کاهش داده ‌است؛ اگر این روند تداوم داشته باشد، به تضعیف کارایی، اثربخشی، عدالت و تعادل در اقتصاد آموزش عالی ایران منجر خواهد شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Rationality and performance of government on financing higher education in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yaghoub Entezari 1
  • Masumeh Gharun 2
چکیده [English]

Higher education is subsidized by the state in almost all countries, including Iran. Why? The aim of this article is to answer this question and review the government performance on financing higher education in Iran. The results of an exploratory study show that the state subsidizes higher education for a variety of reasons, including the failure of the market to financing higher education, having a full social benefits, imperfect capital markets, equal distribution of education opportunities and redistribution of income and wealth. The survey results of state performance to higher education show that in Iran, state not only does not apply an appropriate method of financing higher education, but also considerably has declined their actual subsidy to higher education during the last decade. If this trend continues, it will lead to undermine the efficiency, effectiveness, fairness and balance in the Iran’s higher education economy

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rationality of state involvement in higher education
  • higher education finance
  • market failure
  • public benefits of higher education

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