عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Higher education can be characterized by a relatively open set of multiple goals; by loose mechanisms of coercion, control and steering from above by a high degree of fragmentation; and by a strong influence of the principal workers—the academic professionals—on the determination of goals, the management and administration of institutions, and the daily routines of work. Some have argued that the concept of a single academic profession might be an illusion, and that the academic profession can hardly cope with the tensions it has to live with, and that the academic profession is endangered. The concern about the academic profession is obviously entangled with the massification of higher education and the long-standing secular trend towards a “knowledge” society, a society of “lifelong learning”, or an “information” society. Whatever the short-hand title might be, the changing nature and role of knowledge in society seem to be accompanied by changes in higher education (and its interrelationship with society) which are a mixed blessing to the academic profession. There have been raised many discussions on the nature of the academic profession in the past two decades. With the change of attitude to science and technology, scientific profession has changed. In this paper, we review the academic formation of a professional crisis the challenges ahead are analyzed
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