Requirements for Effective Teaching in Virtual Education with an Approach to Covid Education 19: A Phenomenological Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant of Management and Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Curriculum Planning, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.


Objective: The main purpose of this study was to understand the lived experiences of students in relation to the requirements of effective teaching of teachers in a virtual environment and in critical situations of the prevalence of Covid 19.
Methods: This qualitative research was performed using phenomenological method. The method of data collection was using a semi-structured interview questionnaire. Accordingly, with the purposive sampling approach and standard method, graduate students of the Department of Humanities, Shiraz University, were selected, and finally obtained by in-depth semi-structured interview with 25 people with theoretical saturation.The interviews were analyzed using the Colaizzi (1978) model and the content analysis method.
Results: After extraction and thematic classification, six main themes and 39 sub-themes were identified.The main topics included infrastructure, classroom management, attention to students' psychological dimension, quality, teaching aids, evaluation.
Conclusion: Paying attention to the above components and the set of sub-themes discussed in the article pave the way for quality improvement, effectiveness, and, consequently, efficiency of education on a large scale.


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