Explaining the Role of Accreditation in Internationalization of the Higher Education System: A grounded Theory Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, North Tehran’s Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Higher Education Management, Faculty of Management, North Tehran’s branch, Tehran, Iran


Objective: The purpose of this research was to provide a model for the Role of Higher Education Accreditation with an Emphasis on its Internationalization.
Methods: The research method was qualitative, and 20 university experts were selected by using a targeted and continuous manner and through semi-structured interviews, the codes, concepts and categories of the higher education validation model were identified using the grounded theory method.
Results: The findings showed that based on the degree of conceptual similarity of the codes, 101 codes were extracted and according to their commonality, they were categorized in the form of 62 conceptual clusters and 28 core codes, and finally, the validation model of higher education was designed in the direction of internationalization.
Conclusion: The results obtained from in-depth and semi-structured interviews with 20 experts led to the presentation of a model consisting of 3 causal conditions and 9 intervening factors. Its main phenomenon was quality assurance, both goal and means, which was influenced by 5 environmental conditions of political instability, state economy, social capital, uncertainty avoidance and individualistic cultural contexts. In order to achieve the results obtained in both national and transnational groups, it was necessary to adopt strategies at the university level as well as the government and policy makers.



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