Investigating Students' Experiences of Learning in a Virtual Flipped Classroom: a Phenomenological Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer at Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran

2 Master's degree in computer software major and PhD student of Public Administration at university of Sistan & Baluchestan, Iran

3 BA student of elementary education, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran


Objective: The purpose of this research is to investigate the experiences of Farhangian University student-teachers of learning in the virtual flipped classroom.
Methods: This research was conducted in a qualitative and phenomenological way. The statistical population of the research included 84 student teachers in the field of secretarial studies at Farhangian University of Birjand. According to the nature of the research, the purposeful sampling method was used, and with the semi-structured interview of 10 student-teachers in the first semester of the academic year 2021-2022, the obtained data reached saturation. For the analysis of the collected data, Colaizzi method and MAXQDA11 software were used.
Results: After extracting and subject classification, seven main themes and 49 sub-themes were identified. The main themes included the use of software and educational content, content production, use of educational systems, data management and transfer, educational communication, equipment management and time management.
Conclusion: The lived experiences of the student teachers of Farhangian University showed that the virtual reverse class has caused a transformation in their learning; In such a way that students have guided their learning according to their personal characteristics and speed and have taken positive actions in the field of knowledge management. The levels of educational communication and interpersonal relationships and their digital literacy have increased. Also, the virtual reverse class has brought educational and behavioral consequences in positive and negative dimensions for student teachers.


Main Subjects


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