بررسی قوتها، ضعفها، فرصتها و تهدیدهای برنامه‌های درسی مجازی آموزش عالی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


دکتری تخصصی برنامه ریزی درسی، پژوهشگر آزاد، اصفهان، ایران



هدف: هدف این مطالعه، بررسی فرصتها و تهدیدهای برنامه­های  درسی مجازی می­باشد.
روش پژوهش: این پژوهش از نوع کاربردی بوده در انجام این پژوهش به تناسب موضوع،  رویکرد کیفی  SWOT  به کار رفته است.جامعة پژوهش مشتمل بر جمعی از متخصصان برنامه درسی؛ طراحان ، مدرسان  برنامه­های درسی مجازی و شرکت کنندگان این دوره ها (دانشجویان)بودند، که به روش نمونه­گیری هدفمند تعداد 40 نفر از آنان انتخاب گردید. داده­های پژوهش از طریق مصاحبة نیمه ساختار یافته گردآوری گردید.
یافته‌ها: یافته ها نشان داده است که  مهمترین قوتها(تسهیل دسترسی به برنامه درسی، ارتقای فراگیرنده محوری در برنامه درسی، تحقق پژوهش محوری، بهبود کیفی و کارآمدی اساتید و ایجاد چالش و جذابیت در محیط یادگیری)، مهمترین ضعف­ها(کاهش ارتباطات اجتماعی، چارچوب ضعیف عناصر، افزایش هزینه­ها، کاهش اقتدار استاد، ضعف ارزشیابی و ارزشیابی ناعادلانه)، مهمترین فرصت­ها( بسط دسترسی آموزشی، سرمایه گذاری در آموزش، به روزرسانی دانش، گسترش روابط علمی، نوآوری برنامه درسی و کاربردی نمودن آموزش) و مهمترین تهدیدها(کمرنگ شدن کارکردهای آموزش عالی، به چالش کشیدن اساتید، کاهش اهداف کارآمد، کاهش کیفیت محتوا، سطح شدن ارزشیابی و بدبینی به برنامه درسی مجازی بوده است.
نتیجه‌گیری: هر چند برنامه­های درسی مجازی  به دلیل فراهم نبودن زیرساختهای ضروری، در طراحی و اجرا با چالشهایی روبه رو شده است اما  با اقدامات حرفه ای مسئولان آموزشی  میتوان به نوعی ضعفها و چالشها را کمتر نمود.



عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigate the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of Virtual Higher Education Curricula

نویسنده [English]

  • Setareh Mousavi
PhD in Curriculum Planning, Independent Researcher, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the opportunities and threats of virtual curricula.
Methods: This research is of an applied type. In conducting this research, the SWOT qualitative approach has been used in accordance with the subject. The research community consists of a group of curriculum specialists; the designers were instructors of virtual curricula and participants of these courses (students), 40 of whom were selected by purposive sampling. Research data were collected through semi-structured interviews.
Results: Findings have shown that the most important strengths (facilitating access to the curriculum, promoting learner-centeredness in the curriculum, conducting core research, improving the quality and efficiency of teachers and creating challenges and attractiveness in the learning environment), the most important weaknesses (reducing social communication, Weak framework of elements, increasing costs, reducing teacher authority, weak evaluation and unfair evaluation), the most important opportunities (expanding educational access, investing in education, updating knowledge, expanding scientific relationships, curriculum innovation and application of education) And the most important threats (diminishing the functions of higher education, challenging professors, reducing effective goals, reducing the quality of content, increasing the level of evaluation and pessimism about the virtual curriculum.
Conclusion: Although virtual curriculums have faced challenges in design and implementation due to the lack of necessary infrastructure, but with the professional actions of educational officials, the weaknesses and challenges can be reduced in a way.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Opportunities
  • Threats
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Virtual Curriculum


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