کاربرد یادگیری ترکیبی در آموزش عالی از منظر آموزش‌دهنده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران، تهران

2 گروه روان‌شناسی، هیئت علمی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره). ایران. تهران

چکیده

هدف اصلی از اجرای پژوهش حاضر، بررسی جوانب مهم یادگیری ترکیبی چون عوامل مؤثر بر کاربرد، چالش‌ها و چشم‌اندازها از منظر آموزش‌دهنده، به‌عنوان یکی از مهم‌ترین کنشگران فرایند یاددهی و یادگیری است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع مروری است. برای گردآوری اطلاعات از موتورهای جستجو و پایگاه داده‌های معتبر چون نورمگز، مگیران، ساینس دایرکت، گوگل اسکولار، پروکوئست و مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای و جستجو در کتاب‌ها و مقاله‌ها استفاده شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش، نشان‌دهنده آن است که عوامل مختلف درونی و بیرونی بر کاربرد یادگیری ترکیبی از منظر آموزش‌دهنده مؤثر است و در این خصوص موضوعات متعددی چون ترکیب مناسب عناصر یادگیری سنتی و چهره‌به‌چهره، تغییر نقش آموزش‌دهنده، حمایت مؤسسه و مدیریت، عوامل روانی چون اطمینان و اضطراب از فناوری و کنترل بر فرایند یاددهی از مهم‌ترین چالش‌های کاربرد آن هستند. همچنین بر اساس پژوهش‌ها، کاربرد یادگیری ترکیبی در مؤسسات آموزشی در سال‌های آینده بیش از پیش گسترش خواهد یافت، کنشگران آموزش رضایت بیشتری از آن خواهند داشت و به توسعه حرفه‌ای آموزش‌دهندگان توجه بیشتری خواهد شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Application of Blended Learning in Higher Education from Teacher's Perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Rahim Jafarzadeh 1
  • Seyedeh Asma Hosseini 2
  • Hosseinali Jahed 3
  • Samad Abedi 1
1 Corresponding Author. Assistant Professor of Educational Sciences. Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology , Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Education Sciences and Psychology. Azad University, Yadegare Imam Khomeini (RAH), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of the present study is to examine the important aspects of blended learning as factors influencing the application, challenges, and perspectives of the educator as one of the most important actors in the teaching and learning process. The present study is a review article. Search engines and reputable databases such as Noormags, Magiran, Science Direct, Google Scholar, books, and articles have been used to gather information. The findings indicate that different internal and external factors influence the use of blended learning from the perspective of educators, and in this regard several issues such as the appropriate combination of traditional and face-to-face learning factors, changing the role of educators, supporting institution and management, psychological challenges such as confidence and anxiety about technology and control over the teaching process are major challenges in its application. A review of the literature on the perspectives of blended learning also suggests that the use of blended learning at different educational institutions will be further expanded in the coming years, education actors will be more satisfied with it, and more focused on the professional development of educators.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • blended learning
  • learning
  • Higher Education
  • teaching
  • Trainer
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